Consumer countries obtain natural gas from production deposits via two separate systems of transportation:

  • in liquid form (LNG - liquefied natural gas) carried in special tanker:
    once the gas reaches its destination it is regasified and then injected into the distribution network where it is carried to the user;

  • in gas form via pipeline:
    with this system the gas travels from the deposit through a network of pipelines, often crossing several national borders.

The security of pipeline supply is often dependent on the political situation and economic agreements between the various countries through which it passes. Unrest in one transit country can lead to an interruption of supply and the risk of black outs for destination consumers.

Galsi represents the first direct pipeline connection between Italy and the Hass’r’Mell deposits in the Algerian desert, guaranteeing a greater security of gas supply for Italy.